Nurse’s activities and viewpoints about motivational factors, facilitators, and barriers of patient education

1Msc of Nurse Education, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Educational Supervisor, Vasei Educational and Clinical Center, Sabzevar, IR Iran
2Msc of Exercise Physiology, Office of Education, Sabzevar, IR Iran
3Msc of Critical Care Nursing, North East Petroleum Industry Health Organization, Sarakhs, IR Iran
4Bsc of Nursing, Nursing-Service Manager, Vasei Educational and Clinical Center, Sabzevar, IR Iran
Abstract
Patient education is a dynamic and continuous process beginning from patient’s admission to discharge and nurses play a vital role in this field. The aim of the study was investigate of Nurse’s activities and viewpoints about motivational factors, facilitators, and barriers of patient education in Vasei hospital of Sabzevar in 2016.


This study is a descriptive cross-sectional research. Our research sample include: 111 nurses employed at Vasei hospital of Sabzevar in 2016. Sample was selected by non-random method (easy to access). The data gathering instrument was a questionnaire divided into 5 sections as follows: (1) questions regarding demographic characteristics (2) nursing activities (3) nursesmotivational factors associated with Patient Education (4&5) determining the facilitators and barriers of patient education. Data was analyzed using SPSS (version 20) and descriptive statistics. Nurses pointed that most of their time is spent for writing tasks such as patients situation report (89.2%). From nurses’ point of view, the most important factor for patient education was job conscience (78.4%). They introduced that “Educational Aids” as well as the lack of nurse’s manpower are the most important facilitator (75.7%) and barriers (79.3%) for patient education.
Too many responsibilities accomplished by nurses result in lacking of proper education to patients. Therefore, it is suggested to authorities to take necessary actions to solve problems. Also, it is necessary to decrease educational barriers and to increase facilitating factors of educating with high frequency to improve educational programs to patients.